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AI and Robot Ethics – Organisation Links

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Organisations involved in researching or policy making about artificial intelligence and robot ethics

UNITED KINGDOM

TRUST AND TECHNOLOGY INITIATIVE

University of Cambridge, UK

Organised by the University of Cambridge, the Trust & Technology Initiative runs informal lunchtime talks, issues a newsletter and progresses other initiatives in the context of trust and technology.

University of Cambridge, Trust and Technology Initiative
https://www.trusttech.cam.ac.uk


CENTRE FOR THE STUDY OF EXISTENTIAL RISK

University of Cambridge, UK

Dedicated to the study and mitigation of risks that could lead to human extinction or civilisational collapse

The Centre for the Study of Existential Risk
https://www.cser.ac.uk


THE LIVERHULM CENTRE FOR THE FUTURE OF INTELLIGENCE

Cambridge, UK

The mission at the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence (CFI) is to build a new interdisciplinary community of researchers, with strong links to technologists and the policy world, and a clear practical goal: to work together to ensure that we humans make the best of the opportunities of artificial intelligence as it develops over coming decades.

Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence
http://lcfi.ac.uk


CENTRE FOR GOVERNANCE OF AI

University of Oxford, UK

The Centre at the University of Oxford, seeks to guide the development of AI for the common good by conducting research on important and neglected issues of AI governance, and advising decision makers on this research through policy engagement.

University of Oxford, Centre for the Governance of AI
https://www.fhi.ox.ac.uk/governance-ai-program/


THE FUTURE OF HUMANITIES INSTITUTE

Oxford University, UK

FHI is a multidisciplinary research institute at the University of Oxford. Academics at FHI bring the tools of mathematics, philosophy, social sciences, and science to bear on big-picture questions about humanity and its prospects. The Institute is led by founding Director Professor Nick Bostrom. Humanity has the potential for a long and flourishing future. Our mission is to shed light on crucial considerations that might shape our future.

The Future of Humanities Institute
https://www.fhi.ox.ac.uk/about__trashed/the-team/


ALAN TURING INSTITUTE

London, UK

The Alan Turing Institute, created in 2015, is the national institute for data science, with headquarters at the British Library. It has five founding universities – Cambridge, Edinburgh, Oxford, UCL and Warwick – and the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. created The Alan Turing Institute in 2015.

Alan Turing Institute Data Ethics Groups
https://www.turing.ac.uk/research_projects/data-ethics-group-deg/


CENTRE FOR DATA ETHICS AND INNOVATION

UK Government

The Centre for Data Ethics and Innovation (CDEI) is an advisory body set up by UK Government, and led by an independent board of expert members, to investigate and advise on how we maximise the benefits of data-enabled technologies, including artificial intelligence (AI).

Centre for data ethics and innovation
https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/centre-for-data-ethics-and-innovation-cdei


ADA LOVELACE INSTITUTE

London, UK

The Ada Lovelace Institute was established by the Nuffield Foundation (with partners) in 2018 and is “an independent research and deliberative body with a mission to ensure data and AI work for people and society.”

Ada Lovelace Institute
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org


ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE SIMULATION OF BEHAVIOUR (AISB)

Hove, Sussex

Cognitive science, UK based organisation founded in 1964, the society has an international membership drawn from both academia and industry.

Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour (AISB)
https://www.aisb.org.uk



BRISTOL ROBOTICS LABORATORY

Bristol, UK

Bristol Robotics Laboratory are interested in both robot ethics and ethical robots. The former is broadly concerned with the ethical use of autonomous systems including standards and regulation (ethical governance), while the latter is concerned with how autonomous systems can themselves be ethical, i.e. be imbued with ethical values.

Bristol Robotics Laboratory / Research / Research themes / Robotic Ethics
http://www.brl.ac.uk/research/researchthemes/roboticethics.aspx


EUROPE (except UK)

EUROPEAN EXPERT GROUP ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

European Commission

The European Commission has appointed 52 experts to a High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence, comprising representatives from academia, civil society and industry.

European Union Digital Single Market Policy, High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence
https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/high-level-expert-group-artificial-intelligence


FOUNDATION FOR RESPONSIBLE ROBOTICS

Netherlands

“The mission of the Foundation for Responsible Robotics is to shape a future of responsible robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) design, development, use, regulation, and implementation. We see both the definition of responsible robotics and the means of achieving it as ongoing tasks that will evolve alongside the technology.”

Foundation for Responsible Robots (FRR)
https://responsiblerobotics.org


AI SUSTAINABILITY CENTER

Stockholm

Established in 2018 to create a multidisciplinary hub to address the scaling of AI in broader ethical and societal contexts. Founding partners from industry include Atomico, Bonnier, Cirio, Microsoft, and Telia Company.

AI Sustainability Center
https://www.aisustainability.org/about-us/


WASP-HS

Umeå University, Sweden

Launching in March 2020 “WASP-HS research tackles the challenges and impact of upcoming technology shifts as well as contributing to the development of theory and practice of human and societal aspects of AI and autonomous systems, and in particular, focus on potential ethical, economic, labor market, social, cultural and legal aspects of technological transition. The Wallenberg Foundations are investing up to SEK 660 million in the WASP-HS research program.

Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program – Humanities and Society (WASP-HS)
https://wasp-hs.org/about-wasp-hs/


UNITED STATES

AI NOW INSTITUTE

New York University

The AI Now Institute at New York University is an interdisciplinary research centre dedicated to understanding the social implications of artificial intelligence. Work focuses on four core domains: Rights and Liberties, Labour and Automation, Bias and Inclusion, and Safety and Critical Infrastructure.

AI Now Institute, Social Implications of AI
https://ainowinstitute.org


ASSEMBLY

Cambridge, MA, USA

“Assembly is a collaboration of the Berkman Klein Center & the MIT Media Lab. The program gathers technologists, managers, and policymakers to confront emerging problems related to the ethics and governance of artificial intelligence.”

Assembly
http://bkmla.org


AI Ethics Lab

Cambridge, MA, USA

“AI Ethics Lab brings together researchers and practitioners from various disciplines to detect and solve issues related to ethical design in AI. Through collaboration between computer scientists, practicing lawyers and legal scholars, and philosophers, the Lab offers a comprehensive approach to ethical design of AI-related technology. “

AI Ethics Lab
http://aiethicslab.com


AI4All

California, USA

“AI4ALL is a US-based nonprofit dedicated to increasing diversity and inclusion in AI education, research, development, and policy. “

AI4ALL
http://ai-4-all.org


CENTER FOR HUMAN COMPATIBLE AI (CHAI)

Berkeley, CA, USA

“CHAI’s goal is to develop the conceptual and technical wherewithal to reorient the general thrust of AI research towards provably beneficial systems.”

Centre for human compatible AI
https://humancompatible.ai


CENTER FOR BRAINS, MINDS AND MACHINES

Cambridge, MA, USA

“The Center for Brains, Minds and Machines (CBMM) at MIT is a multi-institutional NSF Science and Technology Centre dedicated to the study of intelligence – how the brain produces intelligent behavior and how we may be able to replicate intelligence in machines.”

The Centre for Brains, Minds and Machines
https://cbmm.mit.edu


CAL POLY – ETHICS & EMERGING SCIENCE GROUP

‘Based at California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), San Luis Obispo, the Ethics + Emerging Sciences Group is a non-partisan organization focused on the risk, ethical, and social impact of emerging sciences and technologies.’

The Ethics & Emerging Acience Group at California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly)
http://ethics.calpoly.edu


OpenAI

San Francisco, CA, USA

“OpenAI’s mission is to ensure that artificial general intelligence benefits all of humanity. The OpenAI Charter describes the principles that guide us as we execute on our mission. We will attempt to directly build safe and beneficial AGI, but will also consider our mission fulfilled if our work aids others to achieve this outcome. “

OpenAI
https://openai.com


MACHINE INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Berkeley, CA

“MIRI’s mission is to ensure that the creation of smarter-than-human intelligence has
a positive impact. We aim to make advanced intelligent systems behave as
we intend even in the absence of immediate human supervision.”.

Machine Intelligence Research Institute (MIRI)
https://intelligence.org/


MARKKULA CENTRE FOR APPLIED ETHICS

Santa Clara, CA, USA

“The mission of the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics is to engage individuals and organizations in making choices that ​respect and care for others. “

Markkula Center
https://www.scu.edu/ethics/


INTERNATIONAL

The IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems

The IEEE Global Initiative’s mission is, “To ensure every stakeholder involved in the design and development of autonomous and intelligent systems is educated, trained, and empowered to prioritize ethical considerations so that these technologies are advanced for the benefit of humanity.”

The IEEE Global Initiative
https://standards.ieee.org/industry-connections/ec/autonomous-systems.html


THE FUTURE OF LIFE INSTITUTE (FLI)

(USA)

“Mission: To catalyze and support research and initiatives for safeguarding life and developing optimistic visions of the future, including positive ways for humanity to steer its own course considering new technologies and challenges.”

The Future of Life Institute
https://futureoflife.org/team/


INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR ROBOT ARMS CONTROL (ICRAC)

“ICRAC is a Non Governmental Organization (NGO) comprising an international committee of experts in robotics technology, artificial intelligence, robot ethics, international relations, international security, arms control, international humanitarian law, human rights law, and public campaigns, concerned about the pressing dangers that military robots pose to peace and international security and to civilians in war.

ICRAC
https://www.icrac.net/about-icrac/


WOMEN IN AI ETHICS(WAIE)

An international organisation founder and CEO, Mia Dand says “I launched Lighthouse3, an emerging tech research and advisory firm in 2014 and noticed that outside of the tech bubble, there was an entire universe of enterprises who were held to a much higher regulatory and ethical standard because of their direct impact on consumers. As Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies proliferate and permeate every aspect of our lives, it’s becoming increasingly hard to ignore the insidious implications of unrestrained AI exacerbated by lack of ethical standards. I was and am still convinced that a big part of why AI is often developed and deployed with critical flaws is related to exclusion of women and people of color. This lack of diverse perspectives manifests as ethical blind spots in AI.”

Women in AI Ethics – online directory
https://lighthouse3.com/diversityinai/


WOMEN IN MACHINE LEARNING AND DATA SCIENCE (WiMLDS)

An international organisation whose mission is “to support and promote women and gender minorities who are practicing, studying or are interested in the fields of machine learning and data science. Opportunities for members to engage in technical and professional conversations in a positive, supportive environment by hosting talks by women and gender minority individuals, as well as hosting technical workshops, networking events and hackathons.

Women in Machine Learning and Data Science – The London Team
http://wimlds.org/about-the-london-team/


ALGORITHMIC JUSTICE LEAGUE

Organisation set up to highlight algorithmic bias, provide space to voice concerns about code bias and develop practices for accountability during design, development and deployment of codes systems.

Algorithmic Justice League
https://www.ajlunited.org


FOUNDATION FOR RESPONSIBLE ROBOTICS

‘The mission of the Foundation for Responsible Robotics is to shape a future of responsible robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) design, development, use, regulation, and implementation.’

Foundation for Responsible Robotics
https://responsiblerobotics.org


COMPANIES

This section includes companies that are taking an ethical approach and directories to robotics and AI companies generally.


FATE

Microsoft – Fairness, Accountability, Transparency and Explainability

A group within Microsoft promoting ethical AI

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/group/fate/


reputable.ai

A London company offering certification and advice on AI governance.

reputable.ai



DISRUPTION DIRECTORY

Innorobo (www.innorobo.com)

https://www.thedisruptory.com/directory/


DEEP MIND

By implementing our research in the field of games, a useful training ground, we were able to create a single program that taught itself how to play and win at 49 completely different Atari titles, with just raw pixels as input. And in a global first, our AlphaGo program took on the world’s best player at Go – one of the most complex and intuitive games ever devised, with more positions than there are atoms in the universe – and won.

https://deepmind.com/about/


THE ROBOT REPORT

Business and Applications of Robotics
https://www.therobotreport.com


GENOME CAMPUS

Genome Campus – Society and Ethics Research – Exploring the ethical, legal and social issues raised by genomics
https://societyandethicsresearch.wellcomegenomecampus.org