Organisations involved in researching or policy making about artificial intelligence and robot ethics
TRUST AND TECHNOLOGY INITIATIVE
University of Cambridge, UK
Organised by the University of Cambridge, the Trust & Technology Initiative runs informal lunchtime talks, issues a newsletter and progresses other initiatives in the context of trust and technology.
University of Cambridge, Trust and Technology Initiative
CENTRE FOR THE STUDY OF EXISTENTIAL RISK
University of Cambridge, UK
Dedicated to the study and mitigation of risks that could lead to human extinction or civilisational collapse
The Centre for the Study of Existential Risk
THE LIVERHULM CENTRE FOR THE FUTURE OF INTELLIGENCE
The mission at the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence (CFI) is to build a new interdisciplinary community of researchers, with strong links to technologists and the policy world, and a clear practical goal: to work together to ensure that we humans make the best of the opportunities of artificial intelligence as it develops over coming decades.
Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence
CENTRE FOR GOVERNANCE OF AI
University of Oxford, UK
The Centre at the University of Oxford, seeks to guide the development of AI for the common good by conducting research on important and neglected issues of AI governance, and advising decision makers on this research through policy engagement.
University of Oxford, Centre for the Governance of AI
THE FUTURE OF HUMANITIES INSTITUTE
Oxford University, UK
FHI is a multidisciplinary research institute at the University of Oxford. Academics at FHI bring the tools of mathematics, philosophy, social sciences, and science to bear on big-picture questions about humanity and its prospects. The Institute is led by founding Director Professor Nick Bostrom. Humanity has the potential for a long and flourishing future. Our mission is to shed light on crucial considerations that might shape our future.
The Future of Humanities Institute
ALAN TURING INSTITUTE
The Alan Turing Institute, created in 2015, is the national institute for data science, with headquarters at the British Library. It has five founding universities – Cambridge, Edinburgh, Oxford, UCL and Warwick – and the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. created The Alan Turing Institute in 2015.
Alan Turing Institute Data Ethics Groups
CENTRE FOR DATA ETHICS AND INNOVATION
The Centre for Data Ethics and Innovation (CDEI) is an advisory body set up by UK Government, and led by an independent board of expert members, to investigate and advise on how we maximise the benefits of data-enabled technologies, including artificial intelligence (AI).
Centre for data ethics and innovation
ADA LOVELACE INSTITUTE
The Ada Lovelace Institute was established by the Nuffield Foundation (with partners) in 2018 and is “an independent research and deliberative body with a mission to ensure data and AI work for people and society.”
Ada Lovelace Institute
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE SIMULATION OF BEHAVIOUR (AISB)
Cognitive science, UK based organisation founded in 1964, the society has an international membership drawn from both academia and industry.
Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour (AISB)
BRISTOL ROBOTICS LABORATORY
Bristol Robotics Laboratory are interested in both robot ethics and ethical robots. The former is broadly concerned with the ethical use of autonomous systems including standards and regulation (ethical governance), while the latter is concerned with how autonomous systems can themselves be ethical, i.e. be imbued with ethical values.
Bristol Robotics Laboratory / Research / Research themes / Robotic Ethics
EUROPE (except UK)
EUROPEAN EXPERT GROUP ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
The European Commission has appointed 52 experts to a High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence, comprising representatives from academia, civil society and industry.
European Union Digital Single Market Policy, High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence
FOUNDATION FOR RESPONSIBLE ROBOTICS
“The mission of the Foundation for Responsible Robotics is to shape a future of responsible robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) design, development, use, regulation, and implementation. We see both the definition of responsible robotics and the means of achieving it as ongoing tasks that will evolve alongside the technology.”
Foundation for Responsible Robots (FRR)
AI SUSTAINABILITY CENTER
Established in 2018 to create a multidisciplinary hub to address the scaling of AI in broader ethical and societal contexts. Founding partners from industry include Atomico, Bonnier, Cirio, Microsoft, and Telia Company.
AI Sustainability Center
Umeå University, Sweden
Launching in March 2020 “WASP-HS research tackles the challenges and impact of upcoming technology shifts as well as contributing to the development of theory and practice of human and societal aspects of AI and autonomous systems, and in particular, focus on potential ethical, economic, labor market, social, cultural and legal aspects of technological transition. The Wallenberg Foundations are investing up to SEK 660 million in the WASP-HS research program.”
Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program – Humanities and Society (WASP-HS)
AI NOW INSTITUTE
New York University
The AI Now Institute at New York University is an interdisciplinary research centre dedicated to understanding the social implications of artificial intelligence. Work focuses on four core domains: Rights and Liberties, Labour and Automation, Bias and Inclusion, and Safety and Critical Infrastructure.
AI Now Institute, Social Implications of AI
Cambridge, MA, USA
“Assembly is a collaboration of the Berkman Klein Center & the MIT Media Lab. The program gathers technologists, managers, and policymakers to confront emerging problems related to the ethics and governance of artificial intelligence.”
AI Ethics Lab
Cambridge, MA, USA
“AI Ethics Lab brings together researchers and practitioners from various disciplines to detect and solve issues related to ethical design in AI. Through collaboration between computer scientists, practicing lawyers and legal scholars, and philosophers, the Lab offers a comprehensive approach to ethical design of AI-related technology. “
AI Ethics Lab
“AI4ALL is a US-based nonprofit dedicated to increasing diversity and inclusion in AI education, research, development, and policy. “
CENTER FOR HUMAN COMPATIBLE AI (CHAI)
Berkeley, CA, USA
“CHAI’s goal is to develop the conceptual and technical wherewithal to reorient the general thrust of AI research towards provably beneficial systems.”
Centre for human compatible AI
CENTER FOR BRAINS, MINDS AND MACHINES
Cambridge, MA, USA
“The Center for Brains, Minds and Machines (CBMM) at MIT is a multi-institutional NSF Science and Technology Centre dedicated to the study of intelligence – how the brain produces intelligent behavior and how we may be able to replicate intelligence in machines.”
The Centre for Brains, Minds and Machines
CAL POLY – ETHICS & EMERGING SCIENCE GROUP
‘Based at California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), San Luis Obispo, the Ethics + Emerging Sciences Group is a non-partisan organization focused on the risk, ethical, and social impact of emerging sciences and technologies.’
The Ethics & Emerging Acience Group at California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly)
San Francisco, CA, USA
“OpenAI’s mission is to ensure that artificial general intelligence benefits all of humanity. The OpenAI Charter describes the principles that guide us as we execute on our mission. We will attempt to directly build safe and beneficial AGI, but will also consider our mission fulfilled if our work aids others to achieve this outcome. “
MACHINE INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE
“MIRI’s mission is to ensure that the creation of smarter-than-human intelligence has
a positive impact. We aim to make advanced intelligent systems behave as
we intend even in the absence of immediate human supervision.”.
Machine Intelligence Research Institute (MIRI)
MARKKULA CENTRE FOR APPLIED ETHICS
Santa Clara, CA, USA
“The mission of the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics is to engage individuals and organizations in making choices that respect and care for others. “
The IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems
The IEEE Global Initiative’s mission is, “To ensure every stakeholder involved in the design and development of autonomous and intelligent systems is educated, trained, and empowered to prioritize ethical considerations so that these technologies are advanced for the benefit of humanity.”
The IEEE Global Initiative
THE FUTURE OF LIFE INSTITUTE (FLI)
“Mission: To catalyze and support research and initiatives for safeguarding life and developing optimistic visions of the future, including positive ways for humanity to steer its own course considering new technologies and challenges.”
The Future of Life Institute
INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR ROBOT ARMS CONTROL (ICRAC)
“ICRAC is a Non Governmental Organization (NGO) comprising an international committee of experts in robotics technology, artificial intelligence, robot ethics, international relations, international security, arms control, international humanitarian law, human rights law, and public campaigns, concerned about the pressing dangers that military robots pose to peace and international security and to civilians in war.
WOMEN IN AI ETHICS(WAIE)
An international organisation founder and CEO, Mia Dand says “I launched Lighthouse3, an emerging tech research and advisory firm in 2014 and noticed that outside of the tech bubble, there was an entire universe of enterprises who were held to a much higher regulatory and ethical standard because of their direct impact on consumers. As Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies proliferate and permeate every aspect of our lives, it’s becoming increasingly hard to ignore the insidious implications of unrestrained AI exacerbated by lack of ethical standards. I was and am still convinced that a big part of why AI is often developed and deployed with critical flaws is related to exclusion of women and people of color. This lack of diverse perspectives manifests as ethical blind spots in AI.”
Women in AI Ethics – online directory
WOMEN IN MACHINE LEARNING AND DATA SCIENCE (WiMLDS)
An international organisation whose mission is “to support and promote women and gender minorities who are practicing, studying or are interested in the fields of machine learning and data science. Opportunities for members to engage in technical and professional conversations in a positive, supportive environment by hosting talks by women and gender minority individuals, as well as hosting technical workshops, networking events and hackathons.
Women in Machine Learning and Data Science – The London Team
ALGORITHMIC JUSTICE LEAGUE
Organisation set up to highlight algorithmic bias, provide space to voice concerns about code bias and develop practices for accountability during design, development and deployment of codes systems.
Algorithmic Justice League
FOUNDATION FOR RESPONSIBLE ROBOTICS
‘The mission of the Foundation for Responsible Robotics is to shape a future of responsible robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) design, development, use, regulation, and implementation.’
Foundation for Responsible Robotics
This section includes companies that are taking an ethical approach and directories to robotics and AI companies generally.
Microsoft – Fairness, Accountability, Transparency and Explainability
A group within Microsoft promoting ethical AI
A London company offering certification and advice on AI governance.
AI Ethics Lab
Consultancy using the PiE (Puzzle solving in Ethics) model to focus on identifying and solving ethics problems that arise in building and using AI systems, enhancing technology as a result.
By implementing our research in the field of games, a useful training ground, we were able to create a single program that taught itself how to play and win at 49 completely different Atari titles, with just raw pixels as input. And in a global first, our AlphaGo program took on the world’s best player at Go – one of the most complex and intuitive games ever devised, with more positions than there are atoms in the universe – and won.
THE ROBOT REPORT
Business and Applications of Robotics
Genome Campus – Society and Ethics Research – Exploring the ethical, legal and social issues raised by genomics